Playing the Game
The Culture of Digital Games
Playing the Game: The Culture of Digital Games
Created in 1962 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Spacewar! is one of the first ever digital games. The two players each control a spaceship which is positioned against a starry background. Manoeuvring is made difficult by the presence of a star in the middle of the screen which exerts a strong gravitational pull. The objective is to shoot your opponent's spaceship before yourself being destroyed. Additional information about Spacewar! is available on Wikipedia.
You can play Spacewar! online.
Player 1 Controls: a (left), s (right), d (thrust), f (fire).
Player 2 Controls: k (left), l (right), ; (thrust), ' (fire).
DeMaria, Rusel and Wilson, Johnny L. (2004). High Score! The Illustrated History of Electronic Games. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill/Osborne, pp. 12-13.
Myers, David (2003). The Nature of Computer Games: Play As Semiosis. New York: Peter Lang Publishing. The first two chapters of Myers' book discuss Spacewar!
Poole, Steven (2000). Trigger Happy: Videogames and the Entertainment Revolution. New York: Arcade, pp. 15-18.